House Committee Advances Bill to Narrow IMD Exclusion for Opioids

We have written in the past about the strange quirk in Medicaid law that prohibits Medicaid from paying for medical services for individuals who are patients in an “institution for mental disease” – a facility that has more than 16 beds and that is “primarily engaged” in providing diagnosis, treatment and care to individuals with mental illness.  This prohibition – commonly known as the “IMD Exclusion” – is a vestige of the original Medicaid program,… More

Trump Administration Draws a Line in the Sand on Medicaid Waivers

If recent history provides us with any guideposts on how the current Administration will review and approve (or not approve) State waiver requests, today’s news may come as a bit of a surprise. In the wake of recent approvals of never-before-seen waivers — including the imposition of new work requirements in Kentucky, Indiana , and Arkansas — today we learned that CMS has said no to lifetime limits on Medicaid benefits in the state of Kansas.… More

An Unlikely Tale of the Evolution of Medicaid DSH

We have posted over the past several months about some interesting Medicaid litigation across the country involving Medicaid disproportionate share (DSH) payments.  In this post, we try to explain a bit more about disproportionate share payments, how the payments work, and how the program has evolved over the past three and a half decades. As we discuss – this evolution has often been circuitous,… More

Home Health and Personal Care Services in Medicaid: Addressing Compliance Risks

One of the major concerns that policymakers deal with constantly in federal health care programs like Medicare and Medicaid is the risk of program fraud and abuse.  And although there are a plethora of statutes designed to address these concerns – the False Claims Act, the Anti-Kickback Statute and the Civil Monetary Penalties statute, to name a few – Congress, CMS and law enforcement are always on the lookout for ways to nip fraudulent activities in the bud. … More

What the Trump Administration’s New Executive Order on Work Requirements Means for Medicaid

In the midst of a busy day on Capitol Hill yesterday, President Trump signed a long-anticipated Executive Order (EO) entitled, “Reducing Poverty in America by Promoting Opportunity and Economic Mobility.” Notably, the EO directs various Federal agencies (including the Department of Health and Human Services) to review existing guidelines on publish assistance programs to ensure they are in line with the President’s outlined “Principles of Economic Mobility.”… More

CMS is Dealt Yet Another Blow in First Circuit Medicaid DSH Case

Last summer we wrote about an interesting court case involving payments to disproportionate share hospitals (DSH) under the Medicaid program.  It’s one of the hottest issues in Medicaid right now; seven courts have invalidated the CMS policy that is at issue.  The most recent decision came last week, in the US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, involving a challenge brought by New Hampshire hospitals.… More

CMS Finalizes Updates to the Medicaid Drug Rebate Agreement

On March 23, CMS finalized updates to the Medicaid National Drug Rebate Agreement (NDRA) for the first time in 27 years to incorporate legislative and regulatory changes that have occurred since the Agreement was first published.  As my colleague previously wrote, CMS proposed changes to the NDRA in November 2016—most, though not all, of the proposed changes were finalized.

On March 26,… More

Viewing CMS’ Proposed Rule On the Equal Access Requirement Through A Legal Lens

Our readers may remember our discussion of the ongoing saga surrounding enforcement of the entitlement to Medicaid.  We have covered it several times before (here and here) on this blog.  Aside from discussing the topic because it allows us to flex our legal muscle with italicized case names, we also believe it’s critical for our readers to understand how Medicaid entitlement has evolved over time. … More

Breaking Down Medicaid Financing

In the past several months, we have highlighted some fascinating Medicaid litigation against CMS in several US District Courts across the country.  This litigation deals with the Medicaid disproportionate share hospital (DSH) requirements of section 1923 of the Social Security Act.  But what we haven’t focused on – until now – is how the DSH program fits into the overall Medicaid financing system.  It’s a topic of enormous complexity with a rich 35-or more year history. … More

Blogging Live from AHLA: Medicaid Litigation Update – Challenges to Waivers

Reporting live from the American Health Lawyer’s Association 2018 Institute on Medicare and Medicaid Payment Issues in Baltimore, MD, we are back again. This time, we are reporting on a deeply comprehensive program on recent trends in Medicaid litigation led by Alan Dorn, Chief Counsel of HHS Region V in Chicago, and Felicia Y Sze, a partner of Rotenberg & Sze LLP in San Francisco.… More